The Founding Father Of
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Was Born On 25th December
(By: M. Javed Naseem)
“There is no power on earth that can undo
-- M.A. Jinnah
“The great majority of us are Muslims. We follow
the teachings of the Prophet Mohammed (may peace
be upon him). We are members of the brotherhood
of Islam in which all are equal in rights, dignity and
self-respect. Consequently, we have a special and
a very deep sense of unity. But make no mistake:
– Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
The founding father of
Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, was born
on 25th of December, 1876, as Mahomedali Jinnahbhai to very rich
parents in .
He spent his early years with his aunt in Karachi
where he got his primary education. Then he moved back to Bombay Karachi
though He obtained his Matriculation from .
In 1892, he went to Bombay University
for apprenticeship with Graham Shipping & Trading Company. Later on, he
left the company and started studying law. He was trained as a Barrister at London Lincoln’s Inn, . London
In 1895, at the age of 19, he became the youngest Indian to be called to the bar (a lawyer) in
England. Although he returned to Karachi, he remained there only a short time before moving
At twenty, Jinnah began his practice in
Bombay, the only Muslim barrister in the
city. English had become his principal language and would remain so throughout
his life. He took his first step towards a brighter career when the acting
Advocate General of Bombay, John Molesworth MacPherson, invited Jinnah to
work from his chambers.
In 1900, P. H. Dastoor, a
Bombay presidency magistrate, left the post
temporarily and Jinnah succeeded in getting the interim position. After his
six-month appointment period, Jinnah was offered a permanent position at a salary
of Rs.1,500 per month. Jinnah politely
declined the offer, stating that he planned to earn Rs.1,500 a day – a huge sum
at that time – which he eventually did. Nevertheless, as Governor-General
of Pakistan, he would refuse to accept a salary, He fixed his own ‘token’
salary at Rs.1.00 (just one Rupee) per month. He was given the title of
“Quaid-i-Azam” (The Great Leader) by the nation.
|(M.A. Jinnah with Lord Mountbatten, British Viceroy to India and Jawahar-lal Nehru)|
One of Jinnah's fellow barristers from the Bombay High Court remembered that "Jinnah's faith in himself was incredible". He recalled that once a judge admonished him by saying:
"Mr. Jinnah, remember that you are not addressing a third-class magistrate."
Jinnah shot back: "My Lord, allow me to warn you that you are not addressing a third-class pleader (solicitor)."
Another of his fellow barristers described him: “He was what God made him, a great pleader. He had a sixth sense; he could see around corners. That is where his talents lay ... He was a very clear thinker ... But he drove his points home – points chosen with exquisite selection – slow delivery, word by word.”
Jinnah was an excellent lawyer, an honest politician and a great fighter for his cause which he proved by becoming the ‘Founder of Pakistan’. He was the leader of All-India Muslim League from 1913 until the independence of
on 14th August, 1947. The Muslim League, under his leadership, passed the
historic Lahore Resolution (or Pakistan Resolution) demanding a separate nation
in 1940. He was the first Governor General of Pakistan. Unfortunately, he did not
live long enough after the independence of Pakistan to see it strengthened and
developed. He died a year later in 1948.
|(M.A. Jinnah's tomb in Karachi)|
The Father of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, got his higher education in the English institutions of
Britain. He spent many years
overseas and he knew very well the nature and character of the ruling elite
running the British Empire. He knew how
to deal with them but it was the Indian people who created problems for him.
Just like today, they were then also divided into ethnic groups/sects; and it
was very difficult to bring them on one platform. Jinnah asked Indian Muslims
to learn their lesson.
“LEARN YOUR LESSON!”
(Excerpts from Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s Presidential speech to the Muslim League at Lucknow, October 1937).
“The one wholesome lesson that I ask the Musalmans to learn, before it is too late, is that the path before the Musalmans is, therefore, plain. They must realize that the time has come when they should concentrate and devote their energies to self-organization and full development of their power, to the exclusion of every other consideration.”
“I have pointed out before that a section of Musalmans is divided, that there is a group that stands with face turned towards the British. If they have not learnt by now of the bitter consequences, they will never learn. God only helps those who help themselves”
“There is another group which turns towards the Congress, and they do so because they have lost faith in themselves. I want the Musalmans to believe in themselves, and take their destiny in their own hands. We want men of faith and resolution who have the courage and determination, and who would fight single-handed for their convictions, though at the moment the whole world may be against them. We (must) develop power and strength, till the Musalmans are fully organized and have acquired that power and
strength which must come from the solidarity and the unity of (the) people.”
|(M.A. Jinnah with Lord Mountbatten, British Viceroy to India, his wife and Fatima Jinnah)|
“Eighty millions of Musalmans in
nothing to fear. They have their destiny in their hands, and as a well-knit,
solid, organized, united force can face any danger; and withstand any opposition
to its united front and wishes. There is the magic power in your own hands.
Take your vital decisions – they may be grave and momentous and far-reaching in
their consequences. Think (a) hundred times before you take any decision, but
once a decision is taken, stand by it as one man. Be true and loyal, and I feel
confident that success is with you.” – Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
ADDRESSING MUSLIM LEAGUE,
, 1940: LAHORE
“But one thing is quite clear: it has always been taken for granted, mistakenly, that the Mussalmans are a minority, and of course we have got used to it for such a long time that these settled notions sometimes are very difficult to remove. The Mussalmans are not a minority. The Mussalmans are a nation by any definition. But surely the Mussalmans are not a minority. We find that even according to the British map of
we occupy large parts of this country where the Mussalmans are in a majority,
such as Bengal, Punjab, N.W.F.P., Sind, and Baluchistan.”
"You remember the conversation I reported to you in
which I had with Hakim Ajmal Khan and Dr. Kitchlew. There is no finer
Muhammadan in Hindustan than Hakim
Ajmal Khan, but can any Muslim leader over-ride the Quran? ….. I think
that the masses are wide awake. They only want your guidance and your lead.
Come forward as servants of Islam. organise the people economically, socially,
educationally, and politically, and I am sure that you will be a power that
will be accepted by everybody.” – Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
|(Muhammad Ali Jinnah with Gandhi)|
He fought with an iron will, all alone,
against heavy odds, to create a homeland
for the Muslims of
South Asia. And Allah
helped him by honoring his efforts.
پاکستان کو سب سے زیادہ نقصان غدار پاکستانیوں نے پہنچایا۔
قومیں جب بے غیرت ہو جائیں تو مٹ جاتی ہیں۔
یہ قانون قدرت ہے۔ قرآن کھول کر دیکھیں!
وَلِكُلِّ أُمَّةٍ أَجَلٌ فَإِذَا جَآءَ أَجَلُهُمْ لاَ يَسْتَأْخِرُونَ سَاعَةً وَلاَ يَسْتَقْدِمُونَ
“To every people is a term appointed. When their term
“To every people is a term appointed. When their term
is reached, not an hour can they cause delay, nor (an hour)
can they advance it (in anticipation).”
وَٱلَّذِينَ كَذَّبُواْ بِآيَاتِنَا يَمَسُّهُمُ ٱلْعَذَابُ بِمَا كَانُواْ يَفْسُقُونَ
“But those who reject our signs, punishment shall
touch them, because they used to disobey. “
“I cannot understand the logic of those
who have been deliberately and mischievously
propagating that the Constitution of
will not be based on Islamic Shariah. Islamic
principles today are as much applicable to
life as they were 1300 years ago.”
-- Muhammad Ali Jinnah
جاگو۔ ابھی وقت ہے توبہ اور استغفار کے لئے۔ تباہی دہلیز پر کھڑی ہے۔
منافقت اورفرقہ پرستی چھوڑو مسلمان بنو۔ صوبہ پرستی چھوڑو پاکستانی بنو۔
اپنی بداعمالیوں ، نااہلی، جہالت، کرپشن اورملکی تباہی کا الزام دوسروں پر نہ ڈالو۔
ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ وَصَدُّواْ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ زِدْنَاهُمْ
عَذَاباً فَوْقَ ٱلْعَذَابِ بِمَا كَانُواْ يُفْسِدُونَ
“Those who reject Allah and hinder (men) from the
Path of Allah, for them will We add penalty to penalty;
for that they used to spread mischief.”
“With faith, discipline and selfless devotion to duty, there is nothing worthwhile that you cannot achieve.” – Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
“You will have to make up for the smallness of your size by your courage and selfless devotion to duty, for it is not life that matters, but the courage, fortitude and determination you bring to it.” – Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
“Islam expect every Muslim to do this duty, and if we realize our responsibility, time will come soon when we shall justify ourselves worthy of a glorious past.” – Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
“Pakistan not only means freedom and independence but the Muslim Ideology which has to be preserved, which has come to us as a precious gift and treasure and which, we hope other will share with us.” – Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
“You have to stand guard over the development and maintenance of Islamic democracy, Islamic social justice and the equality of mankind in your own native soil.” – Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
“We should have a State in which we could live and breathe as free men and which we could develop according to our own lights and culture and where principles of Islamic social justice could find free play.” – Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
|(M.A. Jinnah and sister Fatima Jinnah getting off the the Pakistani train. Pakistan Railway - PR - used to be NWR - North Western Railway in the 1940-50's before becoming PWR - Pakistan Western Railway and finally PR)|
“I have one underlying principle in mind: the principle of Muslim democracy. It is my belief that our salvation lies in following the golden rules of conduct set for us by our great lawgiver, the Prophet of Islam.”
“I cannot understand the logic of those who have been deliberately and mischievously propagating that the Constitution of Pakistan will not be based on Islamic Sharia. Islamic principles today are as much applicable to life as they were 1300 years ago.” – Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
ADDRESSING KARACHI BAR ASSOCIATION, 1948:
“The Quran is the general code for the Muslims, a religious, social, civil, commercial, military, judicial, criminal and penal code. It regulates every thing, from the ceremonies of religion to those of daily life, from the salvation of the soul to the health of the body, from the rights of all to those of each individual from morality to crime; from punishment here to that in the life to come, and our Holy Prophet Mohammad (Peace by upon Him) has enjoined on us that every Musalman should posses a copy of the Quran and be his own priest. Therefore, Islam is not merely confined to the spiritual tenets and doctrines or ritual and ceremonies. It is a complete code regulating the whole Muslim society, every department of life, collective and individual.”
EID-UL-FITR MESSAGE, 1945:
“The Western world, in spite of its advantages, of mechanization and industrial efficiency is today in a worse mess than ever before in history. The adoption of Western economic theory and practice will not help us in achieving our goal of creating a happy and contended people. We must work our destiny in our own way and present to the world an economic system based on true Islamic concept of equality of manhood and social justice. We will thereby be fulfilling our mission as Muslims and giving to humanity the message of peace which alone can save it and secure the welfare, happiness and prosperity of mankind.”
OPENING OF STATE BANK OF
“When we say 'This flag (Muslim League's flag) is the flag of Islam' they think we are introducing religion into politics - a fact of which we are proud. Islam gives us a complete code. It is not only religion but it contains laws, philosophy and politics. In fact, it contains everything that matters to a man from morning to night. When we talk of Islam we take it as all embracing word. We do not mean any ill. The foundation of our Islamic code is that we stand for liberty, equality and fraternity.”
“We should have a State in which we could live and breathe as free men and which we could develop according to our own lights and culture and where principles of Islamic social justice could find free play.”
|(M.A. Jinnah and Fatima Jinnah with Capt. Ayub Khan, who later became Major-General, then Field Marshal in 1958 and then became the President of Pakistan for 10 years - The most prosperous period of Pakistan's history)|
ADDRESSING ARMY, NAVY & AIR FORCE OFFICERS, 1947:
“There is no power on earth that can undo
SPEECH AT THE UNIVERSITY STADIUM
, 1947: LAHORE
“Yet this is a truth people so easily seem to forget and begin to prize local, sectional or provincial interests above and regardless of the national interests. It naturally pains me to find the curse of provincialism holding sway over any section of
Pakistan. Pakistan must
be rid of this evil.”
“We are now all Pakistanis — not Baluchis, Pathans, Sindhis, Bengalis, Punjabis and so on — and as Pakistanis we must feel, behave and act, and we should be proud to be known as Pakistanis and nothing else.”