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Sunday, 26 July 2015


Whispering With God
Gift-wrap Your ‘Dua’ With Darood!
No Darood, No Acceptance!

 (M. Javed Naseem)

Allah is the Supreme Creator and we are His wonderful creation. Man cannot see his Creator, Allah, nor can he talk to Him face to face (until the Judgment Day). The closest he can get is during the prayer (‘Salat’) when he whispers to Him.

Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) said: ‘When you pray (offer Salat) do it as if you are in front of Allah (seeing Him). And if you cannot achieve that level, then imagine that He is watching you’.
Allah is the Supreme Creator and the Controller of the heavens and the earth (and whatever is between them). Every living thing in the universe glorifies Allah’s name. He declares in the Quran:

أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ مَن فِى ٱلسَّمَاوَاتِ
وَٱلأَرْضِ وَٱلطَّيْرُ صَآفَّاتٍ كُلٌّ قَدْ عَلِمَ صَلاَتَهُ
وَتَسْبِيحَهُ وَٱللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ بِمَا يَفْعَلُونَ
“See you not that it is Allah Whose praises all beings
in the heavens and on earth do celebrate, and the
birds (in the air) with wings outspread? Each one
knows its own (mode of) prayer and praise.
And Allah knows well all that they do”.
(al-Quran 24:41)

In another Hadith, Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) said:
‘When a man  prays (offers Salat), he whispers with God’.
Prayer and supplication (‘Dua’) is the only way a person can communicate with God in private and directly without any intermediary. This is the best way of establishing a relationship with Allah and maintaining it.

Your invocation (Dua) reflects your Faith (Iman) and trust in God. It shows how much you count on Him and how sincerely you depend on Him. Allah asked Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) in the Quran to tell the disbelievers or rejecters:
“My Lord pays attention to you only because of your invocation to Him."

قُلْ مَا يَعْبَأُ بِكُمْ رَبِّى لَوْلاَ دُعَآؤُكُمْ
“Say: My Lord would not care for you
were it not for your prayer.”
(al-Quran 25:77)

There are certain times when Dua (supplication) is more likely to be accepted by Allah as mentioned by the Prophet (s.a.w.). Some of these times are mentioned below.
Remember! These times are only ‘recommendations’. The Most Merciful Allah, when He wills, can accept anything, any time, any where!

1. The Last Third of The Night:

Abu Hurairah (r.a.a.) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.) said:
‘In the last third of every night our Rabb (Cherisher and Sustainer – Allah) descends to the lowest heaven and says’:
‘Who is calling Me, so that I may answer him?’
‘Who is asking Me so that I may grant him?’
‘Who is seeking forgiveness from Me so that I may forgive him?’
(al-Bukhari, Hadith Qudsi).

Amr Ibn Absah narrated that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said:
‘The closest any worshipper can be to his Lord is during the last part of the night, so if you can be amongst those who remember Allah at that time, then do so.’
(Tirmidhi, Nasa’ee, Hakim).

2. Late Night:

When people are sleeping and busy with worldly pleasures, Allah gives the believers an opportunity or an answer-hour, if they can fight sleep and invoke Allah for whatever they need. The Prophet (s.a.w.) said:
‘There is at night an hour when any Muslim who happens to be asking Allah for any matter of this world or the Hereafter, he will be granted; and this (occurs) every night.'
(Muslim, Hadith No: 757)

3. Between Adhan and Iqamah:

Anas (r.a.a.) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.) said:
‘A supplication (Dua) made between the Adhan (Azan) and Iqama is not rejected’. (Ahmad, Abu Dawood, Hadith No: 521, Tirmidhi, No: 212, Sahih al-Jami, No: 3408, Nasa’ee and Ibn Hibban).

4. An Hour On Friday:

Narrated Abu Hurairah (r.a.a.):
Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.) talked about Friday and said: 'There is an hour on Friday and if a Muslim gets it while offering Salat (prayer) and asks something from Allah, then Allah will definitely meet his demand.' And he (the Prophet, s.a.w.) pointed out the shortness of that particular time with his hands.
(Sahih Bukhari). 

Some say that this hour is from the time the Imam enters the mosque for Friday’s prayer until the prayer is over. Some say that it is between the two Khutbahs (sermons), whereas others say that it is the last hour of the day (i.e., after the Asr (late afternoon) prayer until the Maghrib (sunset) prayer). Allah knows best.

5. While Prostrating (Sajdah):

Abu Hurairah (r.a.a.) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.), said:
‘The nearest a slave can be to his Lord is when he is prostrating (in Sajdah), so invoke (supplicate) Allah much in it’.
(Muslim, Abu Dawood, Nasa’ee, Sahih Jami No: 1175).

When a Muslim is in his Salat (prayer), he is facing Allah and when he prostrates he is the nearest he can be to Allah, so it is best to invoke Allah at this time. It is said that while in prostration, one should not ask for worldly needs (i.e., a house, a car, a new job, etc.), but for the Hereafter.

6. After Obligatory (Fardh) Salat:

Narrated Abu Omamah that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.) was asked:
‘O Messenger of Allah! Which supplication is heard by Allah?’
He said the one at the end of the night; and the one after the obligatory (Fardh) prayer’. 

7. The Night Of ‘Qadr’:

This night is the greatest night of the year. This is the night about which the Almighty Allah said:

لَيْلَةُ ٱلْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِّنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ
"The night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is
better than a thousand months."
(al-Quran 97:3)

The Night of Qadr is one of the odd nights of the last ten nights of the blessed month of Ramadan. The angels descend down to the earth, and the earth is overwhelmed with peace and serenity when the doors of Paradise are opened, until the break of dawn. The worshipper is encouraged to turn to Allah to ask for Forgiveness, Mercy and Blessings for this world and the Hereafter.

8. Dua after Tashahud and Darood:

Another popular time for supplication (Dua) is at the end of prayer (Salat), after Tashahud (or At-tahiyyat…). Narrated Faddalah ibn Ubayd:
‘The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said: When anyone of you makes Dua, let him start by glorifying his Lord and praising Him (Allah); then let him send blessings upon the Prophet, s.a.w. (Darood); then let him pray for whatever he wants.’
(Abu Dawood, No:1481, Tirmidhi, No:3477).

Dua Without Darood:

In another Hadith, Baqiy ibn Mukhallid narrated that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.) said:
‘Every Dua is not responded to until one sends blessings upon the Prophet (s.a.w.).’ 

No Darood, No Acceptance:

In another Hadith, Umar bin Khattab (r.a.a.) narrated that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said:
‘Dua is detained between the heavens and the earth and no part of it is taken up until you send blessings upon your Prophet (s.a.w.).’
(Tirmidhi, No.486)

After a person has finished his Tashahhud (at-tahiyyat…), and before he/she says the 'Salam', supplication at this time is most likely answered.

Darood (Blessings):

(Darood: Allahuma salli ala Seyyidina Muhammadin …)
Darood is like a gift-wrap! You are supplicating Allah, the Almighty; you are sending Him a request; and you are asking Him for mercy and forgiveness, so it is only befitting that you wrap your request in a beautiful and attractive packing. And there is no better gift-wrap (packing) than Darood. Allah and His angels send their blessings via Darood on the Prophet (s.a.w.) and Allah commands all Muslims in the Quran that they should also do the same:

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ وَمَلاَئِكَـتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى ٱلنَّبِىِّ
يٰأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ صَلُّواْ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُواْ تَسْلِيماً
“Allah and His angels send blessings on the
Prophet. O you who believe! Send blessings
on him, and salute him with all respect.”
(al-Quran 33:56)

Ibn Masud narrated:
‘I was once praying, and the Prophet (s.a.w.), Abu Bakr (r.a.a.) and Umar (r.a.a.) were all present. When I sat down (in the final Tashahhud, I praised Allah, then sent Salams (Darood) on the Prophet (s.a.w), then started praying for myself. At this point, the Prophet (s.a.w.) said: Ask and you shall be given it! Ask, and you shall be given it!’
(Tirmidhi, No.593, Mishkat al-Misbah, No. 931).

In the chapter ‘Whispering With God’ of my book “The Way (Sunnah) of The Prophet (s.a.w.)”, I have mentioned 33 occasions when the supplication (Due) is considered to be more acceptable to Allah. Remember! These are only the recommendations of the scholars. Allah can accept any Dua, any where at any time. Allah knows best!


Tuesday, 21 July 2015

WHAT IS FAITH? What is Islam?

Know Your Deen!
What Is Faith (Iman)?
What Is Islam?

Answers From The Prophet (s.a.w.)

(M. Javed Naseem)

إِنَّ الدِّينَ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ ٱلإِسْلاَمُ
“Truly, the religion with Allah is Islam … ”
(al-Quran 3:19)

Islam was the Deen (Faith/religion) prescribed by Allah for the entire mankind. All Prophets and Messengers delivered the same message as they were all Muslims spreading the same Word of God.

Allah mentions it in the Holy Quran that His true servants are ONE nation (Ummat-an-Wahidah) only. The ‘Deen’ (way of life or religion) is for Allah and there is only one ‘Deen’ (religion) – Islam. Islam was the Deen (religion) of Abraham and all the Prophets or messengers of Allah that followed Abraham. Every other religion (with its fancy names) was created by man under the influence of Shaitan (Devil), as a revolt against God’s decree and to suit human comfort and liking. Allah will not accept any other religion from mankind except Islam and He made it very clear in the Quran:

وَمَن يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ ٱلإِسْلاَمِ دِيناً فَلَنْ يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ
وَهُوَ فِى ٱلآخِرَةِ مِنَ ٱلْخَاسِرِينَ
“If anyone desires a religion other than Islam
(submission to Allah), never will it be accepted
of him; and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks
of those who have lost (all spiritual good).”
(al-Quran 3:85)

The above verses are self-explanatory and don’t need any elaboration or interpretation. They are simple and plain to understand, and leave no room for any confusion. Allah has prescribed a Deen (‘way of life’) for us and He will not accept any other way from us. It is Islam or else!

Islam is the lifestyle that has been prescribed by Allah through the Quran; and it is the lifestyle Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) adopted to show all Muslims that it was practicable in every era if we only want to live a simple and peaceful life.
Only the stubborn, the ignorant and the misguided people look for the alternatives.

أَفَغَيْرَ دِينِ ٱللَّهِ يَبْغُونَ وَلَهُ
أَسْلَمَ مَنْ فِى ٱلسَّمَاوَاتِ وَٱلأَرْضِ
طَوْعاً وَكَرْهاً وَإِلَيْهِ يُرْجَعُونَ
“Do they seek for other than the Religion of Allah?
while all creatures in the heavens and on earth have,
willingly or unwilling, bowed to His Will (accepted
Islam), and to Him shall they all be brought back.”
(al-Quran 3:83)

Allah has made it very clear that it was Islam, it is Islam and it will be Islam till the end of the world. No other system would be accepted even if it was promoted by the super-power of the time, like Nimrod or Pharaoh. They had to face the challenge of Islam posed by Abraham and Moses, respectively. The mighty empires crumbled and the Truth prevailed.
Now, the same message can be delivered to the evil empire of today. Allah commanded:

قُلْ آمَنَّا بِٱللَّهِ وَمَآ أُنزِلَ عَلَيْنَا وَمَآ أُنزِلَ عَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ
وَإِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَٱلأَسْبَاطِ وَمَا أُوتِىَ مُوسَىٰ وَعِيسَىٰ
وَٱلنَّبِيُّونَ مِنْ  رَّبِّهِمْ لاَ نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِّنْهُمْ وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ
“Say: We believe in Allah, and in what has been
revealed to us and what was revealed to Abraham,
Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and in (the
Books) given to Moses, Jesus, and the prophets,
from their Lord. We make no distinction between
one and another among them, and to Allah
do we bow our will (in Islam)."
(al-Quran 3:84)

All Prophets and their descendants, as well as followers, submitted to Allah. Islam is defined as “complete surrender to the Will of Allah”. This might need a little explanation. And who is in a better position to explain Islam than the Prophet (s.a.w.) himself?

Know the answers that came directly
from the mouth of the Prophet (s.a.w.)!
Obey Allah and the Prophet (s.a.w.) to
prosper in this world and succeed in
the next – The Hereafter.
Allah, the Almighty, sent angel Jibril (Gabriel) to teach Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) the elements of true Faith (Iman) and the elements of ‘Deen’ (Islam). Here’s what Allah tells us in the Holy Quran:
آمَنَ الرَّسُولُ بِمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْهِ مِن رَّبِّهِ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ
كُلٌّ آمَنَ بِاللّهِ وَمَلآئِكَتِهِ وَكُتُبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ
لاَ نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِّن رُّسُلِهِ وَقَالُواْ سَمِعْنَا
وَأَطَعْنَا غُفْرَانَكَ رَبَّنَا وَإِلَيْكَ الْمَصِيرُ
“The Messenger believes in what has been
revealed to him from his Lord, as do the men of faith.
Each one (of them) believes in Allah, His angels, His
books, and His messengers. ‘We make no distinction
(they say) between one and another of His messengers’.
And they say: ‘We hear, and we obey’; (we seek)
your forgiveness, our Lord, and to you
is the end of all journeys."
(al-Quran 2:285)

According to a Hadith, narrated Abu Hurairah:
“One day while the Prophet (s.a.w.) was sitting out with people, a man came to him and asked: “What is Faith (Iman)?”
Allah's Messenger (s.a.w.) replied: "Faith is to believe in Allah; His angels; His Messengers; (the) meeting with Him (on Judgment Day); and to believe in the Resurrection."
Then he (the man) further asked: "What is Islam?"
Allah's Messenger (s.a.w.), replied: "To worship Allah alone and none else; to perform Salat (prayers); to pay Zakat; and to observe Saum (fasting) during the month of Ramadan".
Then he (the man) further asked: "What is Ihsan (perfection)?"
Allah's Messenger (s.a.w.) replied, "To worship Allah as if you see Him, and if you cannot achieve this state of devotion then you must consider that He is looking at you."
Then he (the man) further asked: "When will the Hour be established?”
Allah's Messenger (s.a.w.) replied: "The answerer has no better knowledge than the questioner. But I will inform you about its portents:
1. When a slave (lady) gives birth to her master.
2. When the shepherds of black camels start boasting and competing with others in the construction of higher buildings.
And the Hour is one of five things which nobody knows except Allah. The Prophet (s.a.w.) then recited (from the Quran):

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عِندَهُ عِلْمُ ٱلسَّاعَةِ
"Verily, Allah, with Him (alone) is
the knowledge of the Hour”.
(al-Quran 31:34).

Then that man left and the Prophet (s.a.w.) asked his Companions to call him back, but they could not see anything (him). Then the Prophet (s.a.w.) said:

"That was Jibril (Gabriel) who came
to teach the people their religion.”

Abu Abdullah said: He (the Prophet, s.a.w.) considered all that as a part of Faith (Iman).
(Bukhari, Book 2, Chapter 37, No.50):

That’s how our Prophet (s.a.w.) defined Faith (Iman) and Islam. Not only that, he lived by what he said and proved to the believers that Islam was a practical Deen.

And by the way, if you did not understand the term “a slave lady giving birth to her master”, here’s the explanation: A ‘slave lady’ is the mother and the ‘master’ is her son. It refers to those families where a son controls his mother and uses her as a maid/servant. He tells her what to cook for him; what to prepare for him; he puts pressure on her or forces her to do what he wants; when the father refuses to give him money, he makes the mother to pay him for his cigarettes, wine, night-out, cinema, clubs, etc. The mother does everything to please her son (obeys him) and covers his faults when he steals, does Haraam, chases girls to commit Zina, etc., etc. In many cases mother even fears him because he gets violent and starts screaming and shouting at her. See that around you? I see it all the time, especially the sons who neither go to work nor go to studies.

The world looks very beautiful, attractive and tempting to the eye, but in reality it’s a place of test and trial for us. This temporary enchantment is full of traps, so we need to walk very carefully not losing sight of our final goal – the Paradise.

إِنَّ فِى ذٰلِكَ لَعِبْرَةً لِـأُوْلِى ٱلأَبْصَارِ
زُيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ حُبُّ ٱلشَّهَوَاتِ مِنَ ٱلنِّسَاءِ وَٱلْبَنِينَ وَٱلْقَنَاطِيرِ
ٱلْمُقَنْطَرَةِ مِنَ ٱلذَّهَبِ وَٱلْفِضَّةِ وَٱلْخَيْلِ ٱلْمُسَوَّمَةِ وَٱلأَنْعَامِ
وَٱلْحَرْثِ ذٰلِكَ مَتَاعُ ٱلْحَيَاةِ ٱلدُّنْيَا وَٱللَّهُ عِنْدَهُ حُسْنُ ٱلْمَآبِ
“… Indeed, there is a lesson therein for those who
have eyes. Fair in the eyes of men is the love of
things they covet: Women and sons; heaped-up
hoards of gold and silver; horses branded (for
excellence); and (wealth of) cattle and well-tilled
land. Such are the possessions of this world's life; but in
nearness to Allah is the best of the goals (to return to).
(al-Quran 3:13-14)

يٰأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ ٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ
وَلاَ تَمُوتُنَّ إِلاَّ وَأَنْتُمْ مُّسْلِمُونَ
“O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be
feared, and die not except in a state of Islam.”
(al-Quran 3:102)


Tuesday, 14 July 2015

MOON SIGHTING: The Scientific (Quranic) Way.

The Scientific (Quranic) Way
Using Astronomy & Geography

(M. Javed Naseem)

ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِى رَفَعَ ٱلسَّمَاوَاتِ بِغَيْرِ عَمَدٍ تَرَوْنَهَا ثُمَّ ٱسْتَوَىٰ عَلَى ٱلْعَرْشِ
وَسَخَّرَ ٱلشَّمْسَ وَٱلْقَمَرَ كُلٌّ يَجْرِى لِـأَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّـى
يُدَبِّرُ ٱلأَمْرَ يُفَصِّلُ ٱلآيَاتِ لَعَلَّكُمْ بِلِقَآءِ رَبِّكُمْ تُوقِنُونَ
“Allah is He Who raised the heavens without any
pillars that, you can see, is firmly established on
the throne (of authority). He has subjected the sun
and the moon (to His Law)! Each one runs (its
course) for a term appointed. He does regulate all
affairs, explaining the signs in detail, that you may
believe with certainty in the meeting with your Lord.”
(al-Quran 13:2)

According to the movements of the Moon
and the Earth, the new crescent for
Eid-ul-Fitr will be visible to the entire Muslim
World (from America to Australia) on Friday,
17th of July, 2015. Hence, the Eid-ul-Fitr
falls on Saturday, 18th of July, 2015.


Allah, the Almighty is Capable of All Things. He created the universe, the heavens and the earth, the sun, the moon, the stars and millions of galaxies; and everything else too that is in them and between them. He is in-charge as He controls them and runs the affairs of the entire universe. It is, therefore, only logical and reasonable that we turn to Him (or His Message – the Quran) to seek guidance in all affairs.

Muslims are being ridiculed and laughed at by the world because they are not united. They cannot start their New Year, the Eid festivals and Ramadan unanimously on the same day in all countries or even in different regions of the same country. The simple and only reason for that is their ignorance (‘Jahaalat’). They have gone astray and left the Quran, therefore, the guidance (or the Quran) has left them too. When you ignore the signs of Allah, Allah will ignore you too. A relationship is reciprocal and mutual. It is not a one-way affair. We need to look at our practices and review our relationship with our Creator – Allah, if we want to succeed.
Take the ‘Quranic approach’
to moon-sighting! It is very
authentic and promotes unity!

Once again, it is time for ‘moon-sighting’ and getting together for celebrations. And once again, people will differ, dispute and would promote differences and disunity among the Ummah. If we take the Quranic or the ‘educated’ approach to this issue, we realize that it is no more an issue – no more a problem. Allah says in the Quran, Surah ar-Rahman:

ٱلشَّمْسُ وَٱلْقَمَرُ بِحُسْبَانٍ
“The sun and the moon follow courses
(exactly) computed.”
(al-Quran 55:5)

So, why shouldn’t we compute the moon-sighting? Allah gave us a clear hint! Allah invites us to ponder upon the verses of the Quran throughout the Holy Book. Actually, in the beginning of the Quran, In Surah al-Baqarah, Allah tells us very clearly the purpose of moon cycles and how they should be used. They are the signs to mark or check time-periods and can be calculated precisely:

يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ ٱلأَهِلَّةِ قُلْ هِىَ مَوَاقِيتُ لِلنَّاسِ وَٱلْحَجِّ
“They ask you concerning the new moons. Say:
They are but signs to mark fixed periods of time
in (the affairs of) men, and for pilgrimage.”
(al-Quran 2:189)

What’s the confusion and where? The courses of the sun and the moon are fixed; and the purpose of it is to mark or figure out the time-periods (even hours!) not only for pilgrimage but also for other affairs. We should only learn how to check those time-periods and how to convert those phases/stages into days, hours and minutes. It is a simple calculation.

The scientific way (with astronomy and geography) is the best way to do it but it has a ‘big’ problem – Mullah’s endorsement. The Mullah has monopolized the religion of Islam, just like the Catholic priest monopolized the Christianity to keep control and make big money. Mullah doesn’t want to loose control and ‘ownership’ (in Urdu: ‘Thekedari’) of Islam as this is the hen laying golden eggs for him. But Mullah has a double-face. Remember, when the loudspeaker was introduced? Mullah gave a decree (‘Fatwah’) that the use of loudspeakers for Adhan is ‘Haraam’. Today, the same Mullah is making your life miserable by abusing the same loudspeaker day and night!

Getting back to the Quranic science, Allah, the All-Knowing, reminds us in Surah Yunus that He created the planets and He prescribed their movements so that we could reckon time (days, weeks, months, years, seasons, etc.). He did it in Truth and Righteousness. He didn’t create them for nothing! Therefore, it is only befitting that we follow the path of Truth and Righteousness in calculating time.

هُوَ ٱلَّذِى جَعَلَ ٱلشَّمْسَ ضِيَآءً وَٱلْقَمَرَ نُوراً وَقَدَّرَهُ مَنَازِلَ
لِتَعْلَمُواْ عَدَدَ ٱلسِّنِينَ وَٱلْحِسَابَ مَا خَلَقَ ٱللَّهُ ذٰلِكَ
إِلاَّ بِٱلْحَقِّ يُفَصِّلُ ٱلآيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَعْلَمُونَ
“It is He Who made the sun to be a shining glory
and the moon to be a light (of beauty), and
measured out stages for her; that you might know
the number of years and the count (of time).
Nowise did Allah create this but in truth and
righteousness. (Thus) does He explain His Signs
in detail, for those who understand.”
(al-Quran 10:5)

Yes, for those who understand. Do we understand?
All knowledge comes from Allah and He bestows it upon whom He wills. We Muslims are obligated to get education, acquire knowledge (‘ilm’) and seek the Truth by all means. Today, the world has gone too far with its technological advancement and it would be a stupid act (or stubbornness) to deny its benefits. A wise man would take advantage of this technology and use it to his benefit to avoid complications, confusion and disunity or disruption. It’s only logical! And it is absolutely Islamic too.

We Muslims can use knowledge and technology to create unity, coherence, solidarity and coordination among Muslim groups living in different regions of the world. Astronomy is a centuries-old science. Early scholars of Islam were educated and trained in the sciences of math, physics, chemistry, astronomy, Quranic education, languages and the arts of self-defense. Today, we have deviated from this norm and have changed our priorities, like other fields, in education as well. The results are obvious. The world is producing more atheists, secular and non-believing corrupt people who are killing others for their personal, economic and political benefits. Humanity is at the verge of extinction and educated people lack knowledge.

Allah reminds us in the Quran, Surah ar-Raad that He prescribed laws/rules to regulate the movements of the sun and the moon; fixed their stages/phases; and they run in their pre-determined courses for fixed periods:

ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِى رَفَعَ ٱلسَّمَاوَاتِ بِغَيْرِ عَمَدٍ تَرَوْنَهَا ثُمَّ ٱسْتَوَىٰ عَلَى ٱلْعَرْشِ
وَسَخَّرَ ٱلشَّمْسَ وَٱلْقَمَرَ كُلٌّ يَجْرِى لِـأَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّـى
يُدَبِّرُ ٱلأَمْرَ يُفَصِّلُ ٱلآيَاتِ لَعَلَّكُمْ بِلِقَآءِ رَبِّكُمْ تُوقِنُونَ
“Allah is He Who raised the heavens without any
pillars that, you can see, is firmly established on
the throne (of authority). He has subjected the sun
and the moon (to His Law)! Each one runs (its
course) for a term appointed. He does regulate all
affairs, explaining the signs in detail, that you may
believe with certainty in the meeting with your Lord.”
(al-Quran 13:2)

Now, where do we find the confusion in this verse? We must be either stupid or retarded, or too stubborn not to understand the plain language of this verse! Allah, the Almighty, repeats this piece of information for those who ignore His Message and Signs. He says in Surah az-Zumar:

خَلَقَ ٱلسَّمَاوَاتِ وَٱلأَرْضَ بِٱلْحَقِّ يُكَوِّرُ ٱللَّيْـلَ عَلَى ٱلنَّهَـارِ
وَيُكَوِّرُ ٱلنَّـهَارَ عَلَى ٱللَّيْلِ وَسَخَّـرَ ٱلشَّمْسَ وَٱلْقَمَرَ
كُـلٌّ يَجْرِى لأَجَـلٍ مُّسَـمًّى أَلاَ هُوَ ٱلْعَزِيزُ ٱلْغَفَّارُ
“He created the heavens and the earth in true
(proportions). He makes the Night overlap the
Day, and the Day overlap the Night. He has
subjected the sun and the moon (to His law).
Each one follows a course for a time appointed.
Is not He the Exalted in Power - He
Who forgives again and again?”
(al-Quran 39:5)

Very clear, no confusion at all! And we find this passage in the Quran, Surah Ibrahim, confirming that which He had already revealed about the planets:

وَسَخَّر لَكُمُ ٱلشَّمْسَ وَٱلْقَمَرَ دَآئِبَيْنِ
وَسَخَّرَ لَكُمُ ٱلْلَّيْلَ وَٱلنَّهَارَ
“And He has made subject to you the sun and the
moon, both diligently pursuing their courses; and the
night and the day has He (also) made subject to you.”
(al-Quran 14:33)

For those ignorant people who did not pay attention to His revelations, Allah reiterates in Surah an-Nahl that He subjected the sun and the moon:

وَسَخَّرَ لَكُمُ ٱللَّيْلَ وَٱلْنَّهَارَ وَٱلشَّمْسَ وَٱلْقَمَرَ وَٱلْنُّجُومُ
مُسَخَّرَاتٌ بِأَمْرِهِ إِنَّ فِى ذٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَعْقِلُونَ 
“He has made subject to you the Night and the Day; the
sun and the moon; and the stars are in subjection by His
command. Verily in this are Signs for men who are wise.”
(al-Quran 16:12)

It is Allah who cracks the dawn from the night, and creates the night from the day. He tells us again and again that He prescribed the movements of the planets for us to calculate time. In Surah al-Anaam He declares:

فَالِقُ ٱلإِصْبَاحِ وَجَعَلَ ٱلْلَّيْلَ سَكَناً وَٱلشَّمْسَ
وَٱلْقَمَرَ حُسْبَاناً ذٰلِكَ تَقْدِيرُ ٱلْعَزِيزِ ٱلْعَلِيمِ
“He it is that cleaves the day-break (from the dark).
He makes the night for rest and tranquility, and
the sun and moon for the reckoning (of time).
Such is the judgment and ordering of (Him),
the Exalted in Power, the Omniscient.”
(al-Quran 6:96)

There are many Surahs (Chapters) of the Holy Quran that contain the verses pertaining to this subject. For example, in Surah Ya-Seen, there are quite a few verses that explain the movements of the planets and the alternation of the day and night:

وَآيَةٌ لَّهُمُ ٱلْلَّيْلُ نَسْلَخُ مِنْهُ ٱلنَّهَارَ فَإِذَا هُم مُّظْلِمُونَ
“And a Sign for them is the Night. We
withdraw from it the Day, and behold!
They are plunged in darkness.”
            (al-Quran 36:37)         

وَٱلشَّمْسُ تَجْرِى لِمُسْتَقَرٍّ لَّهَـا ذٰلِكَ تَقْدِيرُ ٱلْعَزِيزِ ٱلْعَلِيمِ
“And the sun runs his course for a period
determined for it; that is the decree of (Him),
the Exalted in Might, the All-Knowing.”
(al-Quran 36:38)

وَٱلْقَمَرَ قَدَّرْنَاهُ مَنَازِلَ حَتَّىٰ عَادَ كَٱلعُرْ‌‌‌‌‌‌‌جُونِ ٱلْقَدِيمِ
“And the Moon - We have measured for her
mansions (to traverse) till she returns like the
old (and withered) lower part of a date-stalk.”
(al-Quran 36:39)

لاَ ٱلشَّمْسُ يَنبَغِى لَهَآ أَن تدْرِكَ ٱلقَمَرَ وَلاَ
ٱلْلَّيْلُ سَابِقُ ٱلنَّهَارِ وَكُلٌّ فِى فَلَكٍ يَسْبَحُونَ
“It is not permitted to the Sun to catch up the Moon,
nor can the Night outstrip the Day. Each (just) swims
along in (its own) orbit (according to Law).”
(al-Quran 36:40)

These verses, along with many others in the Quran, challenge our intelligence to probe and research. Unfortunately, it is the non-Muslims, most of the times, who do the research and educate the whole world about the creation of Allah. We Muslims, eat, drink, sleep and chase women to enjoy life without caring about Haraam or Halaal. And when the non-Muslim scholars present to the world the astonishing results of their research, we Muslims shamelessly declare: ‘Oh, that’s not a big deal. The Quran has spoken about it 1400 years ago.’ What an attitude!

Now, the question is, if Quran had spoken about things 1400 years ago, what did YOU do about it to educate and guide mankind? You could not even educate and guide yourselves or your offspring! What’s your contribution in the 20th or the 21st century towards educating mankind, making this world peaceful and a happy place worth living? Constructing big buildings (with the help/guidance of non-Muslims) by spending Petro-dollars is not an achievement!

Let’s talk about moon-sighting now. Ramadan is almost over and we are preparing for the Eid festival. According to astronomical readings, the Astronomical New Moon (conjunction) is on July 16, 2015 (Thursday) at 1:24 UT.
The new moon of Shawwal 1436 would be born on Thursday (July 16, 2015). It can be seen with
difficulty in South America (Chile, Peru, Argentina, Brazil, etc.); but easily in Polynesian Islands (Pacific islands).
For the rest of the world (USA, Canada, UK, EU, Africa, Asia, India/Pakistan, Middle East, Japan, Indonesia and Australia), it is not visible -- it CANNOT be. See map-1:

The Eid moon, for the rest of the world, would be visible on Friday evening, July 17, 2015. Therefore, the Eid-ul-Fitr (for the rest of the world) falls on Saturday, July 18, 2015. Here's the scientific map of the Moon visibility range as per Astronomy and Geography. On July 17, 2015 (Friday), the moon can easily be seen in almost the whole world, except northern Asia and northern Europe. See map-2:

(Map-2. Images courtesy:
These findings are absolutely correct. These are based on astronomical and geographical calculations for the regions concerned. It cannot go wrong! It’s like 2+2 makes 4.

Subhan-Allah! Allah (the Almighty, the
Wise) has calculated everything for us
but we are so dumb that we neither get
education nor guidance from the Quran.

May Allah guide us all to get united and stick together through thick and thin! Aameen.
A very Happy and Blessed Eid to you all, Muslim Ummah!

(Editor’s note: This article is a re-run from 2014 with some changes.)


Saturday, 11 July 2015


Rationalizing ‘Haraam’:
Don’t Legitimize The Illegitimate!
‘Enter into Islam completely’: al-Quran

(M. Javed Naseem)

يٰأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ ٱدْخُلُواْ فِى ٱلسِّلْمِ كَآفَّةً
وَلاَ تَتَّبِعُواْ خُطُوَاتِ ٱلشَّيْطَانِ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ
“O you who believe! Enter Islam completely,
and do not follow the footsteps of Satan!
Surely, he is an open enemy for you.”
(al-Quran 2:208)

There is a limit to everything and there’s wisdom in it! If something has no limits, no discipline, it’s chaotic.
There’s ‘right’ or ‘wrong’ for everything, for every system. The sense of justice (right or wrong) normally springs from the base of ethics, morals and values. The Supreme Creator (Allah), Who created us humans, also gave us a code of conduct or ethics telling us what is right and what is wrong. He drew the line and set the limits for us. Those limits are called the ‘Hudood’ in the Quranic language.

تِلْكَ حُدُودُ ٱللَّهِ فَلاَ تَعْتَدُوهَا وَمَن يَتَعَدَّ
حُدُودَ ٱللَّهِ فَأُوْلَـٰئِكَ هُمُ ٱلظَّالِمُونَ
“These are the limits set by Allah. Therefore, do
not exceed them. Whosoever exceeds the limits
set by Allah, then, those are the transgressors.”
(al-Quran 2:229)

Man is generally a transgressor, a violator of the rules who crosses the limits all the time. He always tries to justify or rationalize that transgression or the breach of limits. But there are still people out there who love discipline/order and respect the limits because there is peace and prosperity in it. It all depends on how strong your Faith is, how deeply you believe in moral values, and what place you give Allah in your life.

Don’t try to free yourself from all limits,
rules and disciplines! That’s not freedom!
Try to free yourself from desires that
keep you tied to the ground!
That’s real freedom!

Islam is a package – a complete package of life. You take it as a whole or you leave it. You cannot choose some parts you like and leave those you don’t like. You have to take it as a completed package and abide by it.

وَمَن يَعْصِ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَيَتَعَدَّ حُدُودَهُ
يُدْخِلْهُ نَاراً خَالِداً فِيهَا وَلَهُ عَذَابٌ مُّهِينٌ
“Whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger
and transgresses the limits set by Him, He shall
admit him to the Fire, where he will remain forever.
For him there is a humiliating punishment.”
(al-Quran 4:14)

If you feel embarrassed by ‘Hudood-Allah’ – the limits set by Allah between Halal and Haraam – then you are in the wrong place. You should leave Islam and join those liberals who put no limits to freedom.
Even freedom and liberty have limits. It means that your freedom or liberty ends where my freedom or liberty starts.

In the country of the free – America – somebody was dancing in the street screaming ‘viva la liberte’ (long live liberty!), ‘I love freedom’. People gathered around him joining the fun. The dancing man punched somebody on the face and his nose started bleeding. The injured man screamed back:
Listen you moron! Your freedom ends where my nose starts!

So, everything has its limits and that’s why we have laws, rules & regulations to maintain certain discipline, justice and order.

The Story of
Grapes And Wine

In his book about ‘People of Sham’ – Syria & Lebanon – Prof. Adil Abu Shanab tells the story of an Arab sheikh who got into a discussion with one of the French occupation officers during the French occupation of Syria/Lebanon. The French officer had invited some Syrian dignitaries to a dinner. One of the invitees was an old sheikh with his white beard. When the French officer saw the old sheikh eating with his fingers, he asked him:
‘Why are you not eating like us?’
The sheikh replied: ‘Do you see me eating with my nose?’
The French officer sheepishly answered: ‘I mean, why don’t you use fork and knife?’
The sheikh replied: ‘I am sure of the cleanliness of my hand, but are you sure of the cleanliness of your fork and knife?’
This shut the French officer up, but he made up his mind to get vengeance on the old sheikh. At the feast, the wife of the French officer was sitting to his right and the daughter to his left. The French officer, to spite the man of God, asked for wine
to be brought. Then he proceeded to pour the wine for himself, his wife and his
daughter. He started to drink in a way to annoy the sheikh. When that didn’t work,
he asked him:
‘Listen O sheikh! You like grapes and eat them, don’t you?’
The sheikh replied in the affirmative.
The French officer continued talking, pointing towards the grapes, hoping to beat the old sheikh: ‘This drink is from these grapes, so why do you eat the grapes, but stay away from the wine?’
All the guests looked at the old sheikh, feeling that he would have no answer to that.
The sheikh calmly replied: ‘This is your wife, and this, your daughter, is from her, right? So how is it that your wife is legitimate for you and your daughter is not?’
It is said that the French officer, after this humiliation, immediately ordered the wine to be removed from the table.

The moral of this true story is: Obey the rules and respect the limits. There’s wisdom in it that we may not understand sometimes.

But if you want to go beyond all limits – into the vastness – then sacrifice your desires and get free! Try to get closer to your Creator! He has no bounds.

Ramadan is the best occasion to practice this sacrifice!
Ramadan is the best time to break that shell and get free!


Think that you are gliding out
from the face of a cliff like an eagle!
Think you’re walking,
like a tiger walks by himself in the forest!
You’re most handsome when you’re after food.

Spend less time with nightingales and peacocks!
One is just a voice, the other just a color.


Friday, 3 July 2015

TRUTH ALWAYS PREVAILS, Allah Helps Believers.

If Believers Ask Allah For Help
He Always Helps!
But Believers Must Believe First!

No Matter What The Odds,
Truth Always Prevails

 (By: M. Javed Naseem)

Battle of Badr:
The greatest and
most memorable
battle in the history
that changed the
map of the world
to color green!

وَلاَ يَحْسَبَنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ سَبَقُوۤاْ إِنَّهُمْ لاَ يُعْجِزُونَ 
“Let not the unbelievers think that they
can get the better (of the Godly).
They will never frustrate (them)”.
(al-Quran 8:59)

ذٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ شَآقُّواْ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَمَن يُشَاقِقِ ٱللَّهَ
وَرَسُولَهُ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ شَدِيدُ ٱلْعِقَابِ
“This because they contended against Allah and His
Messenger. If any contend against Allah and His
Messenger, Allah is strict in punishment.”
(al.-Quran 8:13)

Nicholson writes:
“But the importance of Mohammad’s success
(in the battle of Badr) cannot be measured by the
material damage which he inflicted (upon the
pagans of Mecca). Considering the momentous
issues involved, we must allow that Badr,
like Marathon, is one of the greatest and
most memorable battles in all history.”
(‘A Literary History of The Arabs’, by A. Nicholson, 1969).
Badr is the first major encounter between the newly-born nation of Muslims and the evil-living unbelievers (Kaafireen), the Quraish of Makkah. This was the one historic event that changed the course of history of not only the Arabia but of the entire universe. After almost 1500 years, the history seems to be repeating itself (now on a different scale). When you look at the events in Palestine, Sudan, Somalia, Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya, Syria, Egypt, Kashmir/Pakistan, Burma (Myanmar) and soon Iran, you realize that this is an onslaught launched by the forces of evil (falsehood) to eliminate the perceived ‘danger’ to their existence – Islam or the Muslims. They don’t want to accept the reality that Islam was the system prescribed by God for the mankind. And it’s going to stay!

إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ يُنفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ لِيَصُدُّواْ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ
فَسَيُنفِقُونَهَا ثُمَّ تَكُونُ عَلَيْهِمْ حَسْرَةً ثُمَّ يُغْلَبُونَ
وَٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوۤاْ إِلَىٰ جَهَنَّمَ يُحْشَرُونَ
“The Unbelievers spend their wealth to hinder (man)
from the path of Allah, and so will they continue to spend;
but in the end they will have (only) regrets and sighs;
at length they will be overcome; and the Unbelievers
will be gathered together to Hell.”
(al-Quran 8:36)

At the dawn of Islam in Makkah, Muslims were killed, injured, tortured, robbed, persecuted and cornered. Eventually, they were expelled while others fled their homes and took refuge somewhere else. It is happening again today in every place where Islam has its foothold. Muslims are being massacred, their homes and homelands being destroyed and the survivors driven out as refugees. In the West, they are targeted and have become victims of discrimination and Islamophobia.

Muslims are being victimized systematically under a major international plan. In this situation, when you have your back to the wall, you fight for your survival with a different spirit than the spirit shown by the war-mongering, power-hungry, money-loving and oil-seeking evil invaders or oppressors.
And what happens in such situations? The history of mankind tells us that it is the oppressed that conquer the oppressors in the end! That’s how Allah balances out the injustice, persecution, aggression, corruption, transgression and inequality. He helps the oppressed to break the shackles. The history of David and Goliath is being repeated – and we know the outcome very well! It’s a matter of time.

وَنُرِيدُ أَن نَّمُنَّ عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ ٱسْتُضْعِفُواْ فِى ٱلأَرْضِ
وَنَجْعَلَهُمْ أَئِمَّةً وَنَجْعَلَهُمُ ٱلْوَارِثِينَ
“And We wished to be Gracious to those who were
being oppressed in the land, to make them leaders
(in Faith) and make them inheritors.”
(al-Quran 28:5)

The oppressed are going through the hardest test of their lives. But they also have a small problem – they are not practicing Islam in the true sense nor obeying the laws of Allah. That’s a pre-requisite for seeking Allah’s help.
إِنَّمَا ٱلْمُؤْمِنُونَ ٱلَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِرَ ٱللَّهُ وَجِلَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ
وَإِذَا تُلِيَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُهُ زَادَتْهُمْ إِيمَاناً وَعَلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ
ٱلَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ ٱلصَّلاَةَ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ 
“For, Believers are those who, when Allah is mentioned,
feel a tremor in their hearts, and when they hear His signs
rehearsed, find their faith strengthened, and put (all) their
trust in their Lord; who establish regular prayers and spend
(freely) out of the gifts We have given them for sustenance.”
(al-Quran 8:2-3)

The Battle of Badr has been referred to in the Holy Quran; and Allah declared it a “Day of Furqaan”. The Arabic word ‘furqaan’ means to separate or to distinguish. It was the 17th day of Ramadan, in the 2nd year of Hijrah (Wikipedia puts it as 13th of March, 624 CE) when the Almighty Allah separated/distinguished the Truth from Falsehood; the Light from Darkness; and the Guidance from Ignorance! He gave the believers a great victory and vanquished the hopes and aspirations of the disbelievers who wanted to wipe out Islam which had started gaining popularity.

Muslims were a tiny minority and were constantly persecuted by the politically powerful and financially strong Quraish of Makkah. Their top adversary was Abu Jahl.

V.C. Bodley writes in his book “The Messenger –The Life of Mohammed” (pub. New York, 1946):

“Abu Jahl’s monomania about Mohammad had remained at
boiling point. He kept raiding parties continually on the move,
attacking any isolated parties of Moslems which could be ambushed.
He made forays into the suburbs of Medina and damaged crops and
gardens. He let Mohammed see that his feelings had not changed,
that his intentions were still murderous”.

Allah gives ample time and opportunities to the people in power (and the forces of evil) to rectify the situation of injustice and transgression. And when they do nothing, the Almighty takes things in His hand.

ٱلَّذِينَ أُخْرِجُواْ مِن دِيَارِهِم بِغَيْرِ حَقٍّ إِلاَّ أَن يَقُولُواْ رَبُّنَا ٱللَّهُ
وَلَوْلاَ دَفْعُ ٱللَّهِ ٱلنَّاسَ بَعْضَهُمْ بِبَعْضٍ لَّهُدِّمَتْ صَوَامِعُ وَبِيَعٌ
وَصَلَوَاتٌ وَمَسَاجِدُ يُذْكَرُ فِيهَا ٱسمُ ٱللَّهِ كَثِيراً
وَلَيَنصُرَنَّ ٱللَّهُ مَن يَنصُرُهُ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَقَوِيٌّ عَزِيزٌ
“(They are) those who have been expelled from their homes
in defiance of right, (for no cause) except that they say,
"our Lord is Allah". Had not Allah checked one set of people
by means of another, there would surely have been pulled down
monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques, in which the
name of Allah is commemorated in abundant measure. Allah will
certainly aid those who aid his (cause); for verily Allah is full
of Strength, Exalted in Might, (able to enforce His Will).
(al-Quran 22:40)

A few days before Ramadan, reports reached Madinah that a trade caravan of Quraish was returning to Makkah from Syria. The caravan was carrying not only merchandise but also weapons. It was estimated that the caravan had made a profit of 50,000 Dinars (pieces of gold). The weapons and the huge amount of money were to be used to equip an army to fight against Muslims. The caravan was led by Abu Soufyan, a Makkan stalwart and staunch enemy of Muslims at that time.

Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.), after consultation with his companions, decided to intercept the caravan. He appointed Abu Lababa as Governor of Madinah, and left the city for  Badr, a village in the south-west of Madinah. It was 8th of Ramadan. Scholars differ about their exact number (ranging from 305 to 319) but most of them agree on 313. About 80-90 of them were from Makkah (‘Muhajireen’) and the rest were ‘Ansar’ (locals) of Madinah. They settled and took up position in a valley which was known for its water wells. Muslims took control of a strategic well/water reservoir and blocked off some other wells. The enemy had to cross the valley, in front of Muslims, to reach the water wells.

The poor Muslims had no clue that they would never see the Quraish caravan, but instead have an encounter with 1000-strong Quraish army of Makkah.

Here’s a look at the background: Muhajireen (refugees or emigrants) were actually the victims of aggression and oppression; and were expelled by the Quraish leaders of Makkah. They were also forced to leave behind family members, their homes, properties and cattle/camel herds. They arrived in Madinah empty-handed. The Makkans confiscated their properties and cattle/camel herds. On top of it, Muslims were not allowed to fight back (in the beginning). They were very angry. They suffered the worst kind of persecution at the hands of Quraish of Makkah for 13 long years.

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُدَافِعُ عَنِ ٱلَّذِينَ آمَنُوۤاْ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لاَ يُحِبُّ كُلَّ خَوَّانٍ كَفُورٍ
أُذِنَ لِلَّذِينَ يُقَاتَلُونَ بِأَنَّهُمْ ظُلِمُواْ وَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَلَىٰ نَصْرِهِمْ لَقَدِيرٌ
“Verily Allah will defend (from ill) those who believe.
Verily, Allah loves not any that is a traitor to faith,
or show ingratitude to those against whom war is made,
permission is given (to fight), because they are wronged;
and verily, Allah is most powerful for their aid.”
(al-Quran 22:38-39)

Eventually, when Allah’s permission came and Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) told them that they were allowed to fight back, they were looking for an opportunity to recover their losses. But Allah had a different plan for them.

Abu Soufyan somehow got the information about this ambush and changed the route (via Yanbu, bypassing Madinah/Badr). At the same time he sent a message to Makkan leaders to come to his rescue. The Quraish leaders of Makkah got furious and decided to teach Muslims a lesson. They sent an army of 1000 fighters to eliminate Muslims. They were equipped with war gear, 100 horses, 700 camels laden with war material and other supplies; and bands of chanters/drum-beaters.

Muslims, on the other hand, were not prepared for any armed confrontation as they did not have the means for it. The 313-men contingent had only two horses and 70 camels and little or no war equipment. Some of them had swords but no shields. To reach the valley near Badr, they had to walk or share the ride by two or three.
When the Quraish army reached Badr, they received a message from Abu Soufyan that the caravan had safely passed the region, therefore, they could return to Makkah. Abu Jahl was an arrogant leader of the Quraish. He refused to return to Makkah without victory. Later, Abu Soufyan and others from the caravan also joined Abu Jahl. They sensed an easy victory with 3-to-1 equation. They wanted to return to Makkah as war heroes. But it was not meant to be!

A Muslim patrol party captured a waterman who confessed that he was one of the group supplying water to the Makkan army. It was a shocking news. When Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) heard that the Quraish of Makkah had dispatched an army of 1000 men and they were just on the other side of the hill, he got worried and called a meeting to decide what to do next. Here’s how the companions of the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) expressed their feelings:

Al-Miqdaad Ibn Al-Aswad, one of the Muhajireen, said: “O Messenger of Allah! March on as Allah guides you, and we are with you. I swear by Allah! We will not say to you as Banu Israel (Children of Israel) said to Prophet Moses: ‘Go, you and your Lord, and fight them and we will sit here’. Rather, we say to you: Go, you and your Lord, to fight and we will all fight along with you. I swear by the One Who sent you with the Truth, that if you order us, we will follow you to the end of the earth and fight alongside you until your goal is achieved.”

Here’s the verse of the Quran Al-Miqdaad quoted:

قَالُواْ يَامُوسَىۤ إِنَّا لَنْ نَّدْخُلَهَآ أَبَداً مَّا دَامُواْ فِيهَا
فَٱذْهَبْ أَنتَ وَرَبُّكَ فَقَاتِلاۤ إِنَّا هَاهُنَا قَاعِدُونَ
 “They said: "O Moses! As long as they are in it, we
will never enter (the land). So, go you and your Lord,
and fight you two, while we will sit here (and watch)."
(al-Quran 5:24)

According to Sahih Bukhari, Ibn Masood (r.a.a.) said:
“I was a witness to something that Al-Miqdaad Ibn Al-Aswad did, that I would like more than anything else, to have been the one who did it. Al-Miqdaad came to the Prophet (s.a.w.) while he was supplicating to Allah, and said: ‘We will not say as the people of Musa (Moses) said (Go, you and your Lord, and fight you two …). Rather, we will fight to your right, and to your left, and in front of you, and behind you’. Ibn Masood (r.a.a.) narrated: I saw the Prophet (s.a.w.)’s face beaming with pleasure, because of what Al-Miqdaad said to him.”

After this, Saad Ibn Mu’adh of the Ansaar, perceiving that the Prophet (s.a.w.) wanted to hear explicitly from the Ansaar, spoke and said:

“We have believed in you and regard you as the true Messenger of Allah, and bear witness that what you have been given is the Truth. And on this, we have given you our binding promise, to hear and obey. March on as you desire and we are with you! I swear by Him Who has sent you with the Truth, if you ask us to wade through the ocean, we will wade through with you, and not one of us will stay behind. We will be perfectly content with whatever may happen to us tomorrow, at the hands of our enemies, for surely, we are patient in war, fierce in battle, and truthful in our company. Perhaps Allah will show you from us what will please you. Therefore, by the grace of Allah, march on with us.”
And thus, the stage was set for the first major battle with the unbelievers (Kaafireen).

Muslims were a little worried and the Prophet (s.a.w.) kept invoking Allah. Later, he addressed them and while giving glad tiding of a victory, said:
“Allah has promised you one of the two, either the caravan or the army”.

وَإِذْ يَعِدُكُمُ ٱللَّهُ إِحْدَى ٱلطَّائِفَتِيْنِ أَنَّهَا لَكُمْ وَتَوَدُّونَ
أَنَّ غَيْرَ ذَاتِ ٱلشَّوْكَةِ تَكُونُ لَكُمْ وَيُرِيدُ ٱللَّهُ أَن يُحِقَّ الحَقَّ
بِكَلِمَاتِهِ وَيَقْطَعَ دَابِرَ ٱلْكَافِرِينَ
“Behold! Allah promised you one of the two (enemy) parties,
that it should be yours. You wished that the one unarmed
should be yours, but Allah willed to justify the Truth according
to His words and to cut off the roots of the unbelievers.”
(al-Quran 8:7)

Subhan-Allah! That’s how Allah works! The poor Muslims wanted to capture the trade caravan with its expensive merchandise and other goods; and camels/horses; and be content with it. This was referred to in the Quran as the ‘unarmed party’ of the enemy. The other party was ‘armed’ – the army of the Quraish of Makkah – which Muslims could not even dream of facing at that stage and level, let alone capturing or conquering it! Makkans were considered the richest and the strongest people in the region. But Allah wanted to justify the Truth, therefore, He created the circumstances too. 

إِن تَسْتَفْتِحُواْ فَقَدْ جَآءَكُمُ ٱلْفَتْحُ وَإِن تَنتَهُواْ فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ
وَإِن تَعُودُواْ نَعُدْ وَلَن تُغْنِىَ عَنْكُمْ فِئَتُكُمْ شَيْئاً وَلَوْ كَثُرَتْ
وَأَنَّ ٱللَّهَ مَعَ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
“(O Unbelievers!) if you prayed for victory and judgment,
now has the judgment come to you: If you desist (from wrong),
it will be best for you; if you return (to the attack), so shall We.
Not the least good will your forces be to you, even if they were
Multiplied; for verily, Allah is with those who believe!”
(al-Quran 8:19)

لِيُحِقَّ ٱلْحَقَّ وَيُبْطِلَ ٱلْبَاطِلَ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ ٱلْمُجْرِمُونَ 
“That He might justify Truth and prove Falsehood false,
distasteful though it be to those in guilt.”
(al-Quran 8:8)

On the night before the battle, Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) made a very long and intense supplication (‘dua’) to Allah. He was praying under a tree, crying until the sun rose. He was standing up, raising his hands toward heavens. Some of the words he uttered:

“O Allah! I invoke You for Your promise of victory.
Here come Quraish full of vanity and pride. They
oppose You and call Your Messenger a liar. O Allah!
If you decide that we be defeated today, and if this little
band of your believers perishes today, there would be
none left in the land to worship you!”

At that particular time, those 300-plus people were the only Muslims on the face of the earth and in the case of a defeat, they would be wiped out. When Abu Bakr (r.a.a.) saw this, he came to console the Prophet (s.a.w.). He held the Prophet (s.a.w.)’s hand in his hand and said: “That’s enough! Allah will certainly fulfill His promise He made to you.” And the Prophet (s.a.w.) then went back to his tent and slept. Allah reminds us in the Holy Quran:

إِذْ يُغَشِّيكُمُ ٱلنُّعَاسَ أَمَنَةً مِّنْهُ وَيُنَزِّلُ عَلَيْكُم مِّنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ
مَآءً لِّيُطَهِّرَكُمْ بِهِ وَيُذْهِبَ عَنكُمْ رِجْزَ ٱلشَّيْطَانِ
وَلِيَرْبِطَ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِكُمْ وَيُثَبِّتَ بِهِ ٱلأَقْدَامَ
“Remember He covered you with a sort of drowsiness,
to give you calm as from Himself, and he caused rain to
descend on you from heaven, to clean you therewith, to
remove from you the stain of Satan, to strengthen your
hearts, and to plant your feet firmly therewith.”
(al-Quran 8:11)

إِذْ يُوحِى رَبُّكَ إِلَى ٱلْمَلاۤئِكَةِ أَنِّى مَعَكُمْ فَثَبِّتُواْ ٱلَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ
سَأُلْقِى فِى قُلُوبِ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ ٱلرُّعْبَ فَٱضْرِبُواْ فَوْقَ ٱلأَعْنَاقِ
وَٱضْرِبُواْ مِنْهُمْ كُلَّ بَنَانٍ
“Remember your Lord inspired the angels (with the message):
"I am with you. Give firmness to the Believers! I will instill
terror into the hearts of the Unbelievers; smite you above
their necks and smite all their finger-tips off them."
(al-Quran 8:12)

Allah’s re-assurance came and Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) felt the contentment and peace, satisfaction and confidence to stand up to the challenge facing them. His prayers were answered right then and there.
إِذْ تَسْتَغِيثُونَ رَبَّكُمْ فَٱسْتَجَابَ لَكُمْ أَنِّى مُمِدُّكُمْ
بِأَلْفٍ مِّنَ ٱلْمَلاۤئِكَةِ مُرْدِفِينَ
“Remember you implored the assistance of your Lord,
and He answered you: "I will assist you with a thousand
of the angels, ranks on ranks."
(al-Quran 8:9)

After some time, the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) came out of the tent smiling and said:
‘O Abu Bakr! Rejoice with the victory of Allah!’ And he left while reciting the following verse of the Holy Quran:
أَمْ يَقُولُونَ نَحْنُ جَمِيعٌ مُّنتَصِرٌ
سَيُهْزَمُ ٱلْجَمْعُ وَيُوَلُّونَ ٱلدُّبُرَ
”Or do they say: We are acting together victoriously? 
Soon will their multitude be put to flight,
and they will show their backs.”
(al-Quran 54:44-45)

The Quraish leaders and soldiers were very arrogant and boastful of their might and big number. Satan (Devil) was also on their side, alluring and encouraging them. But again, Allah is the best of planners and His promise never fails.

وَإِذْ زَيَّنَ لَهُمُ ٱلشَّيْطَانُ أَعْمَالَهُمْ وَقَالَ لاَ غَالِبَ لَكُمُ ٱلْيَوْمَ
مِنَ ٱلنَّاسِ وَإِنِّى جَارٌ لَّكُمْ فَلَمَّا تَرَآءَتِ ٱلْفِئَتَانِ نَكَصَ عَلَىٰ عَقِبَيْهِ
وَقَالَ إِنِّى بَرِيۤءٌ مِّنْكُمْ إِنِّيۤ أَرَىٰ مَا لاَ تَرَوْنَ إِنِّيۤ أَخَافُ ٱللَّهَ
وَٱللَّهُ شَدِيدُ ٱلْعِقَابِ  
“Remember Satan made their (sinful) acts seem alluring
to them, and said: "No one among men can overcome you
this day, while I am near to you". But when the two forces
came in sight of each other, he turned on his heels, and said:
"Lo! I am clear of you; lo! I see what you see not. Lo!
I fear Allah; for Allah is strict in punishment."
(al-Quran 8:48)

The night before the battle, while Muslims slept, a heavy rain fell. On the morning of Friday, the 17th of Ramadan, 2 A.H., the two armies advanced and drew closer to each other. The rain had been heavier on the side of Quraish, making the ground soft and movement difficult. On the side of Muslims, however, the rain had packed the sand down hard, making it easy for them to march.

In the morning, after having examined the ranks, the Prophet (s.a.w.) then went to a shelter made of palm branches from which he could command the battle. Abu Bakr stayed with him, while Saad Bin Mu’adh, with several of the Ansaar, stood outside guarding the hut.

The battle started in the Arab tradition with the big warriors of Quraish, like Walid Ibn Utba, Utba Ibn Rabia, and Shaiba, coming out and challenging the opposition for duals. Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) sent his uncle Hamza (r.a.a.), his cousin Ali (r.a.a.) and his companion Ubaida (r.a.a.) to fight the star warriors of Quraish; and they killed the Quraish heroes sending terror wave in the ranks of the Makkans. Ubaida (r.a.a.) was fatally wounded though and died later (being the first martyr of Badr). Then the troops attacked each other in regular fighting. By noon, the battle was over as Makkans fled the scene leaving dead bodies and material behind.

The battle of Badr claimed some big heads of the Quraish of Makkah; the most important among them was Abu Jahl, his brother and his son. Abu Jahl was considered as ‘Pharaoh for Muslim Ummah’. Umayyah Ibn Khalaf was another big notable killed in Badr. According to one narration, he was killed by his own ex-slave Bilal (r.a.a.). Abu Soufyan survived and returned to Makkah to prepare for another war. In total 70 Makkan fighters were killed and another 70 captured as prisoners of war.

(City of Badr today with graves of the martyrs of Badr)
On the other hand, from among the Muslims, 14 people were martyred. Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) and his contingent returned to Madinah, a week before the end of Ramadan, glorifying and thanking the Merciful Lord for His help at Badr.

فَلَمْ تَقْتُلُوهُمْ وَلَـٰكِنَّ ٱللَّهَ قَتَلَهُمْ وَمَا رَمَيْتَ إِذْ رَمَيْتَ
وَلَـٰكِنَّ ٱللَّهَ رَمَىٰ وَلِيُبْلِىَ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْهُ بَلاۤءً حَسَناً
إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ
“It is not you who slew them; it was Allah. When
you threw (a handful of dust), it was not your act,
but Allah's, in order that He might test the believers
by a gracious trial from Himself, for Allah is He
Who hears and knows (all things).”
(al-Quran 8:17)

Allah reminds the believers of the events at Badr in the Holy Quran, Surah (Chapter) Aal-e-Imran, verses 121-125, in case we forget:

وَإِذْ غَدَوْتَ مِنْ أَهْلِكَ تُبَوِّىءُ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ مَقَاعِدَ لِلْقِتَالِ وَٱللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ
إِذْ هَمَّتْ طَّآئِفَتَانِ مِنْكُمْ أَنْ تَفْشَلاَ وَٱللَّهُ وَلِيُّهُمَا وَعَلَى ٱللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ ٱلْمُؤْمِنُونَ
وَلَقَدْ نَصَرَكُمُ ٱللَّهُ بِبَدْرٍ وَأَنْتُمْ أَذِلَّةٌ فَٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ
إِذْ تَقُولُ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَلَنْ يَكْفِيَكُمْ أَنْ يُمِدَّكُمْ رَبُّكُمْ بِثَلاَثَةِ آلاَفٍ مِّنَ ٱلْمَلاۤئِكَةِ مُنزَلِينَ
بَلَىۤ إِن تَصْبِرُواْ وَتَتَّقُواْ وَيَأْتُوكُمْ مِّنْ فَوْرِهِمْ هَـٰذَا يُمْدِدْكُمْ رَبُّكُمْ
بِخَمْسَةِ آلاۤفٍ مِّنَ ٱلْمَلاۤئِكَةِ مُسَوِّمِينَ
“Remember that morning you did leave your household
(early) to post the faithful at their stations for battle. And
Allah hears and knows all things. Remember two of your
parties meditated cowardice; but Allah was their protector,
and in Allah should the faithful (ever) put their trust.
Allah had helped you at Badr, when you were a contemptible
little force; then fear Allah; thus may you show your gratitude.
Remember you said to the Faithful: "Is it not enough for you
that Allah should help you with three thousand angels
(specially) sent down? Yea,  if you remain firm, and act
right, even if the enemy should rush here on you in hot
haste, your Lord would help you with five thousand
angels making a terrific onslaught.”
(al-Quran 3:121-125)

This was the first major encounter between Muslims and the Makkans. So, the Prophet (s.a.w.) consulted his companions on the subject of ‘prisoners of war’. There were all kinds of suggestions based on different sentiments. Abu Bakr suggested to pardon them and accept ransom for their release. In the end, the Prophet (s.a.w.) announced: “We will ransom the prisoners”.

According to some narrations, they were given the choice to accept Islam and win freedom; or to teach 10 Muslims ‘how to read and write’ and win freedom. Otherwise, the ransom amount was fixed at 400 Dirhams per prisoner.

Like many other ‘Firsts’ of the history of mankind, Badr also set the first example of the treatment of prisoners of war. Their lives were spared; they were treated humanely; they were provided with shelter and fed properly, even when some Muslims did not have food to eat and survived on dates and water.

Sir William Muir, the famous British orientalist, known for his hostility towards Islam and Muslims, wrote:

“In pursuance of Mahomet’s commands, the citizens of
Medina and such of the emigrants who possessed houses,
received the prisoners and treated them with much
consideration. ‘Blessings be on the men of Medina’,
said one of these prisoners in the later days, ‘they made
us ride while they themselves walked. They gave us
wheaten bread to eat when there was little of it,
contenting themselves with dates’.”

The Battle of Badr is a constant reminder to the Muslims that if they fear Allah, the way Allah should be feared; and if they obey Allah and His Prophet (s.a.w.), the way they should be obeyed, Allah’s help is guaranteed! Shouldn’t we be then grateful?

وَٱذْكُرُوۤاْ إِذْ أَنتُمْ قَلِيلٌ مُّسْتَضْعَفُونَ فِى ٱلأَرْضِ تَخَافُونَ
أَن يَتَخَطَّفَكُمُ ٱلنَّاسُ فَآوَاكُمْ وَأَيَّدَكُم بِنَصْرِهِ وَرَزَقَكُمْ
مِّنَ ٱلطَّيِّبَاتِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ
“Call to mind when you were a small (band), despised
through the land, and afraid that men might despoil and
kidnap you. But He provided a safe asylum for you,
strengthened you with His aid, and gave you Good things
for sustenance: that you might be grateful.”
(al-Quran 8:26)

{From my book ‘The Way (Sunnah) of The Prophet (s.a.w.)’, chapter: ‘Muhammad (s.a.w.) At War’}